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Fair Housing


Fair Housing Act
A federal law passed in 1968 and amended in 1988 with NAR support. The original law strove to ensure equal housing opportunity for all, making it illegal to discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. The amendments extended protection to families with children and persons with disabilities.

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Protected Classes
This refers to "categories" of homebuyers that are specifically protected from housing discrimination under the federal Fair Housing Act.

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Civil Rights Act of 1866
Following the Civil War, Congress passed a series of laws to implement the 13th Amendment banning slavery and to eliminate its vestiges. One of these laws, the Civil Rights act of 1866 banned discrimination in the sale, transfer, lease or use of property, including real estate and housing. All citizens were granted the same rights enjoyed by white citizens in the use, purchase, lease, transfer, etc., of real estate and property. In a 1968 decision that is still applicable today, the United States Supreme Court held, in Jones v. Mayer, that the 1866 Act prohibits all forms of racial discrimination in real estate, whether committed by government or private parties. Persons suing under the 1866 Act are entitled to recover actual and punitive damages, and their attorneys’ fees and costs.

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Equal Professional Service Model
The Equal Professional Service Model is a set of policies and procedures designed to help its users provide the same level of service to all real estate consumers. The model involves consistent practices in making the initial contact with consumers, gathering objective information about consumers' needs, letting consumers set their own limits, offering a variety of choices, and keeping accurate records of all of the above. The Equal Professional Service Model, a key part of NAR’s fair housing curriculum, was developed by NAR in the late 1980s. It provides a solid foundation for providing equal service in compliance with fair housing laws.

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Article 10 of the Code of Ethics
REALTORSŪ shall not deny equal professional services to any person for reasons of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, or national origin. REALTORSŪ shall not be parties to any plan or agreement to discriminate against a person or persons on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, or national origin. (Amended 1/90)

REALTORSŪ, in their real estate employment practices, shall not discriminate against any person or persons on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, or national origin. (Amended 1/2000)


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